Every grade level does a unit on measurement or reinforces measurement skills. The three go-with books that spring immediately to my mind are Loreen Leedy's Measuring Penny, How Big is a Foot? by Rolf Myller and Leo Lionni's Inch by Inch.
But wait, look at the list that Tricia at The Miss Rumphius Effect has put together. This is a great compilation books and poetry. Note them down and dazzle your faculty next time someone asks for "measurement" books.
While you are there check all her thematic book lists. They are excellent, especially the one on China.